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The Christian Church, the Catholic Church, or simply The Church refers to the religious social institution with an organized and hierarchical structure of religious officials charged with representing God's will on earth and providing moral guidance to society, as well as providing for the personal salvation of church members. The Church was established by early Christians in Roman Judea in the first century, and despite persecution by the Romans, it grew and spread throughout the Roman Empire until it was eventually adopted by Constantine and made the state church of the Roman Empire in the fourth century. After the Great Schism in the 11th century, the Church split into an eastern (Eastern Orthodox Church) and western (Roman Catholic Church), and use of the term Catholic Church after this time often refers to the Roman Catholic Church to the exclusion of the Eastern Orthodox Church.


The Church

Churches

Church of England · Eastern Orthodox Church · Lutheran Church · Roman Catholic Church

Clergy

Abbot · Archbishop · Bishop · Cardinal · Friar · Monk · Nun · Pope · Priest · Prior

Crusades

First Crusade · Second Crusade · Third Crusade · Fourth Crusade · Fifth Crusade · Sixth Crusade · Seventh Crusade · Eighth Crusade · Ninth Crusade · Reconquista

Orthodoxy

Blasphemy · Great Schism · Heresy · Medieval Inquisition · Papal Schism · Spanish Inquisition

Reformation

Anabaptism · Diet of Worms · German Peasants' War · Henry VIII · John Calvin · Martin Luther · Peace of Augsburg · Thirty Years' War · 95 Theses

Other religions

Heathenism · Islam · Judaism

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